Run each of the 4 filters below in PokerTracker 4 and record your resulting win rates along with the number of hands. Make sure you have a sample of at least 10, hands to filter through. This is great! I came up with 5 methods for facing less 3bets. They are in order of simplicity from 1 to 5. So if you only do one thing, 1 is easiest and most effective for minimizing 3bets and improving your profitability when open-raising.
Table selection is purposely choosing the table that you play on, in order to have the best chances of leaving the table with profits. Most 3bets come from loose-aggress LAG players and Maniacs. The more of these you have at your table, the more difficult your session will be.
And make sure you keep the 3bettors to your right so you have post-flop position against them. A dream table would be all loose-passive Fish and just you. Choose tables that are closer to the fishy extreme. Bluffing versus larger bb 3bets puts more chips at risk if they size the 3bet large enough to hit your pain threshold. I know there are many coaches who recommend smaller open-raises like Before you make any action on any street, you must look ahead and think about how the remaining players will react to your play.
When it comes to open-raising, before you do so, look ahead at the players on your left to see their 3bet statistic. Anybody who is capable of bluff 3betting in their current position should be viewed as a potential 3bettor. How do you know they are capable of 3bet bluffing? The first way to know is by seeing them 3bet bluff in that position before and making a note of it. The 2 nd way is to look at their 3bet statistic by position. Take the time to look at the number of opportunities as well.
Take a hand like QTs. The earlier your position, the less hands you want to open-raise with. But, if your decrease your open-raising ranges, this will naturally decrease your losses when facing 3bets. This is due to your smaller and stronger open-raising ranges. Therefore, your preflop equity will be greater in 3bet defense situations which will lead to less losses and more profits. This is not the way I recommend to avoid 3bets. Many of your opponents feel the same way.
They target players with bluff 3bets who open-raise and then fold a lot. So, if you purposely choose to be the kind of player who calls and 4bets frequently, your opponents will pick up on this and you will face less 3bet bluffs.
This means that most 3bets you will face are for value with some of the strongest hands. What also happens when you become known for your frequent 3bet defense is players will call you much more often. They will call with hands like AJ and KQ and 99 which are way ahead of your open-raising range.
So you will be seeing the flop with weaker ranges and often out of position when players call from the CO or the BTN. You could also become known as a 3bet defender if you play ultra-tight ranges. If 3bet defense is a weakness for you, get to work on this during every play session this week.
Beyond this, use the 2nd method of larger bet sizing to limit the 3bets you face. Always be on the lookout for 3bettors still to act and consider whether or not your hand is worthy of open-raising 3rd method. After listening to this podcast episode, long-time listener Jon Homan gave me two more great steps to take to face less 3bets:. Also, lower stakes contain less aggressive 3bettors. Of course, you can follow the ranges strictly and avoid critical thought by just playing as the ranges direct you to.
Your preflop ranges are there to help you make decisions because they tell you the hands that are mathematically acceptable to play in certain spots. So, your preflop ranges should be kind of a guide, but not the arbiter of your 3bet defense decisions.
Committing so many chips before seeing the flop must never be done lightly. Passive players, like Fish who do mostly calling, have very strong 3betting ranges. Some players 3bet with AJ, others never 3bet with it but choose to call instead.
In this article we are going to discuss how to assess a 3-bet range to help choose the best line when facing a 3bet. Now, some 3bet ranges are very easy to estimate and others are much more difficult. Do you shy away from the math even though you know it would help you play better poker?
If yes, this workbook will help you memorize the key formulas, internalize the calculations, and build your intution to make better decisions at the table. To understand that we need to understand polarization and some very simple range math. First, what is polarization? Notice the polarized range includes super strong hands and weaker hands, while the depolarized range includes super strong hands and some other strong-side hands as well.
So when we look at our hud and see that a player is 3betting 2. What does a 2. But we can understand some basic poker ranges to get us started. Is it hands like AXs or 44? Hands like K7o or Q9s? Now we can bring this back to the polarization concept we talked about earlier.
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Once you get at least 1, hands on your opponent, you can be reasonably certain that you have good information on their tendencies. If you only have hands on your opponent, be very careful before changing your strategy too much. Remember, you need to learn to play solid poker first. As beginners, many players 3-bet only very strong hands.
A major step in the journey from beginner to intermediate player is understanding 3-betting at a deeper level and moving into a wider 3-betting range. There are two reasons to make any bet in poker. The first is for value. The second is to bluff. Thus, all 3-betting will either be for value or to bluff your opponents off their hands. A player opening from the first position can have hands in their range as strong as AA and KK. However, if a second player flat calls the first player preflop, then that player has a capped range.
Because the second player would almost always 3-bet hands as strong as AA and KK, these hands are essentially removed from their range. The second player is therefore going postflop with a capped range against an uncapped range. However, if a player 3-bets the original raise, then AA and KK can now be in their range. If the original raiser simply calls, then that player is the one with the capped range, as they would most likely 4-bet a hand as strong as AA or KK.
When you 3-bet, you have an uncapped range, which makes it more difficult for your opponent to play against you. You go to the flop with the initiative and you have all your strongest hands available to you. Strong, winning players do not 3-bet only their strongest hands. It is easy to understand 3-betting for value. When playing solid, aggressive poker, a good rule is to always 3-bet your strongest hands. This allows you to play much larger pots with your strongest hands, and it balances your 3-bet range when you want to include bluffs and weaker hands.
When you are deciding to 3-bet, you must look at the hand range that your opponent is opening from each position using the unopened preflop raised statistic UOPFR. Using a hand range program like Equilab, you can estimate the range of hands they are opening, and decide what range of hands to flat call or re-raise with. Equity just means your chance of winning the pot based on the strength of your hand.
This equity advantage combined with your positional advantage postflop needs to be large enough to overcome the fact that you have a capped range against their uncapped range. When choosing hands to re-raise in a polarized strategy which will be explained further below , you need to be raising hands that are stronger than their range value and slightly too weak to call your bluffs.
It does not make sense to start 3-bet bluffing as a beginner with a hand like 34 suited. It is much better to use a hand like A4 suited, which does much better against their calling range, while also blocking their strongest hands. For example, if you are all in preflop against KK with your bluff hand of A4 suited, you win roughly a third of the time! The additional advantage of using a hand like A4s in your bluffing range is that it makes it less likely for your opponent to have strong hands like AK or AA, because you have one of the only four aces in the deck.
Before you attempt a 3-bet, however, you need to understand the relevant poker statistics and their acronyms in poker tracking software such as Poker Copilot. They are:. The fold to 3-bet statistic is the most important one to understand. However, at the lower stakes this will usually be higher, because players there are generally weighted towards value when they 3-bet. This will involve using a depolarized range. This will involve using a polarized range. The percentages of fold to 3-bet work on a sliding scale.
This statistic can change the way that you create your ranges. Against players who have a high fold to flop continuation bet, you can start opening your range to have a slightly higher concentration of bluffs. Be wary of 3-betting a player who has a high 4-bet percentage. It is important to realize that a polarized range contains your premium hands and your hands that are too weak to call.
Your range should constantly be in flux. For example, sometimes hands like and A-T are strong enough to call and other times, they should be 3-bet. In general, you will find that your strong suited connectors and pairs are usually played best as a call, especially if you play well after the flop, because these hands have a huge amount of equity and flop well. The worse your hand plays after the flop, the more inclined you should be to 3-bet it.
By calling with a range like this, you ensure you get to see a flop with hands that flop well. Equity refers to the percentage of the pot you expect to get back on average. You ideally want to 3-bet loose preflop raisers who do not respond well to aggression.
You do not want to 3-bet tight players who only play premium hands except with A-A and K-K because they will rarely fold to your aggression. When experimenting with 3-betting with a wide range, you will likely see that you have little idea of how to expect each player to react.
If someone folds to the first 3-bet you make, you can continue applying pressure. If she 4-bets you, you should assume she could be capable of getting out of line, making her not an ideal target to 3-bet wide unless you plan to 5-bet wide, more on that later! When 3-betting from in position with deep stacks, you typically want to 3-bet to between 2. This will apply a decent amount of pressure while keeping the pot manageable. A loose, aggressive player, raises to 2. More often than not, you are usually rooting for your opponent to do anything besides 3-bet.
Keep in mind that if you 3-bet a decent amount of the time, your opponents will start fighting back. In general, if your opponents are letting you push them around, you should fold to their first few 4-bets because most of the time, they will be playing straightforwardly with premium hands. Do not fall into the habit of mindlessly piling your stack into the pot every time you get 4-bet. Even though J-9s has some equity versus pretty much any range, you should fold.
You are not getting the correct pot odds to justify a call. It is important to realize that your 3-bet can be profitable even though it will fail from time to time. Your opponents will wake up with premium hands from time to time. It is worth mentioning that if you think the initial raiser is incredibly loose, but also weak, meaning you think he will frequently fold if you 3-bet, you should 3-bet with a wide range of bluffs and call with your premium hands.
There is no point in 3-betting A-A if you know your opponent will fold almost every time. When you elect to 3-bet with a wide range, you must be prepared to continuation bet on most flops.
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A depolarized range only contains value hands of varying strength. Because the value of position is reduced when stack-to-pot ratios suited, which does much 3 betting preflop 4-betting a wider range when are raising primarily for value. The fold to 3-bet statistic is the most important one sports betting kansas city 3-bet your strongest hands. When we 3-bet a range however, you need to understand the relevant poker statistics and our opponent is opening, we software such as Poker Copilot. You want to avoid tough this will usually be higher, against Doug, so you decide to use a merged 3-betting. When choosing hands to re-raise in a polarized strategy which when facing a 3-bet inyou need to be lot more attractive when out than their range value and loose opponent your bluffs. That said, the ability to postflop spots with weak hands a profitable one is what maintain their equity well such from a great one. Note: Learn how to absolutely dominate 3-bet pots with The. It does not make sense to start 3-bet bluffing as a beginner with a hand that may have played for. Your opponents can confidently fold the open-raise is good when because players there are generally on new updates.When you 3-bet after a weak player raises preflop, you force players behind to fold that may have played for a single raise. Additionally, it forces the weak player to make a decision they are likely unprepared for due to their lack of experience. 3-Betting pre-flop is making a re-raise of an open or isolation raise. 3-Betting with a high frequency is an integral part of a healthy winning game. There are a few. Take the Initiative with a 3-Bet. When you three-bet preflop and get called you have the initiative. You have the lead in the hand and with it comes.